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《Materials Review》 2011-S2
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Graphite Anode,Graphite Crucibles Breakage Mechanism and Their Protections Research Progress in Electro-deoxidation

LI Zequan,GUO Jing,HU Rong,RU Liyue,WANG Haihua (College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400030)  
Electro-deoxidation is the process that direct electrolyze metal oxides to the metal or alloy.It have simple process.This process are mainly used the graphite rod as anode,and electrolyzed in graphite crucibles.But because the graphite anode and graphite crucibles damaged phenomenon often happened,which become one of the most important factors that influence the current efficiency,product purity,anode and crucible's service life.This paper reviews graphite anode and graphite crucibles damage theory in molten salt electricity,expounds the graphite anode and graphite crucibles' protection of the development of research at home and abroad in recent years,and finally prospect focus on :Useing combination methods in the molten salt electricity prevent graphite anode and graphite crucibles breakage is the next step will be focused on;Improved graphite anode,towards the molten salt electrolysis low cost direction;For the further research of the internal and external coating of crucible.
【Fund】: 中央高校基本科研业务费(CDJZR10220003)
【CateGory Index】: O646
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