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《Materials Reports》 2019-18
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Preparation and Properties of Aluminum Phosphate Composite Cured by Spinel

YANG Xiaobo;LYU Yi;WANG Huadong;ZHANG Bingqing;YING Guobing;Aerospace Institute of Advanced Materials & Processing Technology;College of Mechanics and Materials, Hohai University;  
Aluminum phosphate composites were prepared by compression processing technology, using quartz textile as reinforcing part, aluminum phosphate hydrosol as matrix and spinel MgAl_2O_4 as curing agent, respectively. The flowing power of the aluminum phosphate hydrosol was studied. The spinel MgAl_2O_4 powders, synthesized by solid state reaction, was identified by X-ray powders diffraction. Microstructures of the composites were observed by scanning electron microscope. And the influences of MgAl_2O_4 contents on the mechanical and dielectric properties of aluminum phosphate composites were investigated. It was found that the viscosity of aluminum phosphate hydrosol was less than 200 mPa·s when content of water arrived at 50 wt%. While the content of spinel MgAl_2O_4 reached 18 wt% with a matrix ratio of 50 wt%, the composite obtained the highest mechanical properties, which the flexural strength, compression strength and interlaminar shearing strength were 167 MPa, 14 MPa and 40 MPa, respectively. The dielectric constant and loss tangent of the composite at room temperature were 3.35 and 0.009, respectively. However, the dielectric parameters increased gradually when crystalline phase of aluminum phosphate was changed with increasing temperature. And the dielectric properties of composites would be improved while the crystalline phase of aluminum phosphate was changed from B-AlPO_4 into C-AlPO_4.
【CateGory Index】: TB33
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