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Research on Synthesis of High Purity β Sialon Powder From Kaolin

Qiu Kehui Cao Aihong Chengdu Institute of Technology Chengdu 610059 V.Gabis Universite d'Orleans, France  
This research is unique in the use of an inexpensive raw material to prepare high purity β sialon powder. Kaolin and carbon with few Fe(NO 3) 3·9H 2O catalyst were wet mixed, dried, and pelletized. Every pellet (1 g,Φ=1.3cm) was heated in nitrogen atmosphere. The mixtures were converted to β Sialon powder by carbothermic reduction and nitridation at relatively low temperatures (1250° 1450°). Phase analysis of products was performed by X ray diffraction method. The present paper describes the rate of reaction of kaolin carbon mixtures as a function of temperature, carbon content, heating time and porosity (%). Although the influence of divers factors is very complex, it′s possible to find the optimum conditions for high purity β Sialon powders of synthesis. The phase transformation during the formation process of β Sialon is also discussed in detail.
【CateGory Index】: P619.232
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