THE CURRENT SITUATION AND RELATED FACTORS OF CHINESE TEACHERS' BURNOUT
Wu Xinchun, Zeng Lingjuan, Qin Xiangang, Zheng Qiu (School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875; Department of Education, Guangxi Teachers' College, Nanning 530001)
This study based on the investigation of 647 Chinese teachers. Maslach Burnout Inventory Educator's Survey was used what the results suggested are as follows: (1) Though Chinese teachers experience moderate level of all the three dimensions of burnout, their personal accomplishment scores are lower than the Chinese nurses and American teachers. (2) Female teachers feel significant lower personal accomplishment than male teachers, but the gender factor is not related to the emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. (3) The emotional exhaustion of teachers who graduated from secondary normal schools are much higher than those graduated from junior colleges and universities. (4) Primary school teachers show much higher personal accomplishment and lower depersonalization than middle school teachers, and senior high school teachers feel much more emotional exhaustion than primary school and junior high school teachers. (5) Primary school teachers with 5-10 years of teaching experience and middle school teachers with 11-20 years are the group with the highest portion of emotional exhaustion. (6) Male teachers with less than 5 years of teaching experience and female teachers with 11-20 years from junior high schools are the group with the highest portion of burnout.