THE RELATIONS BETWEEN UNDERGRADUATES′ SELF-ESTEEM AND SOCIAL SUPPORT
Zhang Qi, Wang Jin (Psychology Department of Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029; Institute of Development Psychology Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875)
SES scale and self-compiled questionnaire ″Undergraduates Social Support Questionnaire″ were used to test 370 undergraduates to explore the relations between their self-esteem and social support. The results showed: Undergraduates' self-esteem from city was significantly higher than those from country. Female undergraduates' social supports were significantly higher than male undergraduates'. The social supports from sophomores were significantly lower than those from juniors and seniors. Undergraduates' self-esteem was significantly positively correlated with the three sorts of social supports which contained the structure of social support(classmates and friends' support, family support, lovers' support, teachers' support), the properties of social support(emotional support, company support, tangible support, informational support, evaluation of support). The total of social support, emotional support, classmates and friends' support were positive predictors of undergraduates' self-esteem. The higher self-esteem of undergraduates was showed, the more degrees of social supports were received. Undergraduates' self-esteem had interaction with social support.