Epithelial Cell Apoptosis and Lung Remodeling
Kazuyoshi Kuwano ,Division of Respiratory Diseases,Department of Internal Medicine,Jikei University School of Medicine,Tokyo,Japan;
Lung epithelium is the primary site of lung damage in various lung diseases.Epithelial cell apoptosis has been considered to be initial event in various lung diseases.Apoptosis signaling is classically composed of two principle pathways.One is a direct pathway from death receptor ligation to caspase cascade activation and cell death.The other pathway triggered by stresses such as drugs,radiation,infectious agents and reactive oxygen species is mediated by mitochondria.Endoplasmic reticulum has also been shown to be the organelle to mediate apoptosis. Epithelial cell death is followed by remodeling processes,which consist of epithelial and fibroblast activation, cytokine production,activation of coagulation pathway,neoangiogenesis,re-epithelialization and fibrosis. Epithelial and mesenchymal interaction plays important roles in these processes.Further understanding of apoptosis signaling and its regulation by novel strategies may lead to effective treatments against various lung diseases.We review the recent advances in the understanding of apoptosis signaling and discuss the involvement of apoptosis in lung remodeling.
【CateGory Index】： R563