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Acid Rain,Water Acidification and the Effects on Aquatic Organisms

Xia Yicheng;Kuang Qijun(Institute of Hydrobiology. the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430072)  
The acid rain in China is characterized by regional distribution and sulfuric acid type.It mainly occurred in the south area of the Changjiang River.An annual mean pH value of rainfall in a few regions is the same level(4.5) of heavy acid rain in some countries of North America and Northwest Europe.Several acidified and acid sensitive waters have been found in the outskirt of Chongqing City.The growth and reproduction of the hydrobios in different trophic level were affected notably.The productivity of water body and the biological diversity as well as the balance of aquatic ecosystem were damaged heavily by water acidification.China is among the world's big coal consumption countries,acid rain is closely correlated to the fuel coal.If the discharge of sulphide and dust would not be controlled,a severe tendency of water acidification would be far from good in China.
【CateGory Index】: X517.032
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