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《Journal of Chongqing Normal University(Natural Science)》 2009-04
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Principle and Typical Current Applications of Fiber Grating Sensors

YANG Xing,HU Jian-ming,DAI Te-li(College of Physics and Information Technology,Chongqing Normal University,Chongqing 400047,China)  
Fiber grating is diffraction grating which uses a certain method to change the core index permanently and periodically along the axial direction of photosensitive fiber.In the use of fiber as carrier,the fiber grating sensors measure the changes of parameters of the external environment indirectly by detecting the reflective or projective diversifications of the central wave.Characterized by high precision,small diameter,softness,light weight and resistance to the interference of electromagnetic and atomic radiation,the fiber Bragg grating sensor has been widely used in industry,agriculture,biology,medical care,defense and other fields.With the progress of optical fiber and fiber grating fabrication,the accuracy and reliability of fiber Bragg grating sensor is also improved gradually.The fiber Bragg grating sensor was previously used in temperature and stress measurement.But now it is applied to harsh environment detecting,structural health monitoring,as well as composite materials and medical care.So far the fiber sensors have developed from single parameter to multi-parameters measurement.This paper involves the development of fiber Bragg grating fabrication,the principle and current application of fiber grating sensors and their development prospects.
【Fund】: 重庆市高校光学工程重点实验室项目(No.0705);; 重庆师范大学校级课题(No.07XS01)
【CateGory Index】: TP212
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