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《Journal of Chongqing Vocational & Technical Institute》 2008-05
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Effect of Hydrothermal Treatment on the Structure and Properties of Thermoplastic Pea Starch

CHEN Jianguang, LIU Changhua, WU Haixia, CHEN Yanqing, YANG Yajuan(College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China)  
In this paper,several thermoplastic pea starch films modified by different hydrothermal treatment temperature with same glycerol content and were prepared by casting and solvent evaporation method.The effect of different hydrothermal treatment temperature on structure and properties was investigated by viscosity test,wide-angle X-ray diffraction(XRD),differential scanning calorimetry(DSC),scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and tensile testing.Viscosity test showed that the viscosity of the starch solution increased after hydrothermal treatment.The XRD,DSC and SEM results indicated that the structure of thermoplastic starch have undergone great changes.The tensile testing showed that the tensile strength of the hydrothermal treatment film,compared with the without hydrothermal treatment(same glycerol content) film,was enhanced significantly from 6.03 to 11.78 MPa and the value of elongation at break of the hydrothermal treatment film was higher than that of without hydrothermal treatment and achieved a maximum value(27.24%) at 110℃.
【CateGory Index】: TS231
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