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《Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei》 1986-04
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THE ANALYSIS OF COMBINING ABILITY OF AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF KENG HYBRID RICE(JAPONICA)

Meng Xiangzhen (Scientific Research Institute of Land Reclamation,Hebei)  
The parents used in this study includcd 4 male sterile lines and 7 restoration lines.These parents were combined in an incomplete diallel cross of 4×7.The heritability and combining ability of 11 characteristics weer estimated.The results are as follows: 1.Characteristics of keng hybrid rice is influenced by three combining ability:sterile line g.c.a,restoring line g.c.a.and combination s.c.a. (They are called total combining ability),and according to it heterosis is predicted. 2.The general combining abilities of sterie lines and restoring lines play a more important role at compared with specific combining abilities in the characteristics formation of hybrid rice. 3.A complementary effect could be observed between parents with high g.c.a.and those with low g.c.a.A better parent should be oue that hasa high level of the important characteristics,high g.c.a.and high s.c.a variances. 4.The correlation coefficient of plant hight、panicle length.heading date grains per panicle.percentage of seed setting、1000—grain weight of hybrid F_1 to the mean value of parents is significant,and the heritabilty of abovc -mentioned 6 characteristics of parents is higher too. 5.On the basis of analysing heritability and combining ability.Hong 19A.Hua15 and 九—78 belong to fine parents.
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