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《Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei》 1993-01
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Inheritance and Variation of HMW Glutenin Subunits and Their Relationships with Other Characters in Common Wheat (T.aestivum)

Zhao He Lu Shaoyuan Li Zongzhi (Dept.of Agron.,Hebei Agric.Univ.,Baoding,China)  
The grain protein of 757 common wheat varieties from China andabroad was fractionated by SDS-PAGE to determine HMW gluteninsubunit composition.Some rare bands and band types were found.Therewas significant difference among the subunit compositions for most qualitycharacters,but no significant difference for most agronomic characters.The new Glu-1 quality score system in which the effects of both lociand alleles were considered was established on the basis of more qualitycharacters.Few of the varieties,especially local ones in China,had thesubunits 5+10 or 1 or 2~* related with high quality,which partlyexplained why wheat varieties of China had poorer bread baking quality.The subunits started to appear within 9~13 days after bloom,and wouldnot disappear afterwards.The strategies of quality improvement and theuses of SDS-PAGE in wheat breeding programmes were discussed.
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