SSR marker, ISSR marker and their application to plant genetics and breeding
ZHANG Li rong, XU Da qing, LIU Da qun (College of Plant Protection, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, China)
Simple sequence repeats (SSR) and Inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) are two kinds of DNA markers based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). They have been applied in many aspects of genome research. This paper has clarified the theories and characteristics of SSR as well as ISSR. The authers also summarized their applications in genetic polymorphisim and genetic relationship, establishment of DNA fingerprinting pool, construction of genetic map, gene localization and marker-aided selection. The two methods of DNA ecular marker open up broad prospects for the studies of plant genetics and breeding.