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《Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei》 2008-06
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Photosynthetic characteristics in leaves of Gladiolus

CHAI Yan-liang1,3,DOU Tie-ling3,DONG Xiao-jie2,3,ZHANG Ji-zong1,3,HOU Da-shan1,ZHANG Li-feng1,3 (1.College of Agronomy,Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071001,China;2.College of Resources and Environmental Science,Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071001,China;3.Zhangbei Agricultural Resource and Ecological Environment Key Field Research Station,Ministry of Agriculture,Zhangjiakou 076450,China)  
ZA field experiment was conducted in northwest plateau of Hebei province to study the photosynthetic characteristics and eco-physiological characteristics of chorophyll fluorescence parameters of gladioluswith ECA-PB0402 photosynthesis plant efficiency analyser.The results showed that: i) It was showed that the curve of net photosynthetic rate leaf determinator had two peaks on sunny day in summer under sufficient soil water and fertilizer conditions.The light compensation point was 174.8 μmol photons/(m2·s),the light saturation point 2 145 μmol photons/(m2·s),and the maximum net photosynthetic rate 36.4 μmolCO2/(m2·s),indicating that gladious is a typical light-favored plant. ii) In sunny day apparent quantum yield of gladiolus leaf decreased from 0.087 8 at 10 o′clock to 0.064 0 at 12 o′clock,the maximum PSⅡphotochemical efficiency(Fv/Fm) decreased from 0.69 by 13% compared with the maximum value,probably showing that photoinhibition was not very significant at noon.iii) In light of analysis of pipeline models for phenomenological fluxes(leaf model),deactivation or degradati on in part of reaction center was caused by high PAR and surplus excitation energy will dissipate in time,when leaf starts defense mechanism under high PAR.Through analysis of pipeline models for specific fluxes(membrane model),deactivation or degradation causes in part of reaction center of leaf unit area for high PAR,and leaf starts compensating mechanism in surplus fractions of reaction center to improve energy transfer efficiency.
【Fund】: 国家“十一五”科技支撑计划项目“农牧交错风沙区保护性耕作技术集成研究与示范”(2006BAD15B05-1);; 河北省科学技术研究与发展计划项目(06220901D)
【CateGory Index】: S682.24
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