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《Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei》 2012-03
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Induction of systemic resistance against jujube fruit shrinking disease with salicylic acid

HAN Dang-yue1,DU Shao-hua1,XU Yang1,SONG Yan-xiang1, LI Zheng-nan3,RAN Long-xian1,2(1.College of Forestry,Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071001,China; 2.Hebei Key Lab of Forest Germplasm Resources and Protection,Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001,China;3.Mountain Area Research Institute of Hebei Province,Baoding 071001,China)  
To understand the roles of salicylic acid(SA) in induction of systemic resistance against jujube fruit shrinking disease(JFS),SA and SA plus KH2PO4 and half micronutrients from MS medium(SA+) were investigated to test their inducing abilities by spraying and infusion,and the changes of enzymatic activities related to plant disease resistances,i.e.peroxidase(POD),poiyphenoloxidase(PPO) and phenyanine ammonialyase(PAL) were determined as well.The results showed that SA at 3-5 mmol/L could effectively induce systemic resistance against JFS and significantly reduce the percentage of diseased jujube fruits through spraying,but 1 mmol SA treatment showed no significant effect.It was observed that SA at optimal concentration had better inducing effects when it was infiltrated into the xylem tissue of jujube stem compared with spraying.Neither spraying nor infusion of SA+ was capable of inducing systemic resistance against JFS.There was no significant difference among all the samples,collected after application of SA,for the change of PAL activities,but PPO activities in jujube showed significant difference when SA was infused into jujube stem.The activity of POD was significantly higher than that of control both by infusion with 3 mmol/L SA and by spraying SA at 1,3 and 5 mmol/L,but no significance was detected with the application of SA+.It can be concluded that stem infusion could improve the absorption of SA solution,SA application could significantly increase its resistance against jujube fruit shrinking disease,and POD activity is an important indicator for jujube disease resistance.
【Fund】: 河北省自然科学基金(C2010000675);; 教育部科学技术研究重点项目(208017)资助;; 河北省科技厅项目(11230606D-3)
【CateGory Index】: S665.1
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