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《Urban Planning Forum》 2012-02
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Returning Migrants:A New Impetus for Small Town Development

LI Xun,YIN Jiangbin  
The urban development principle of "restricting big cities and encouraging medium and small cities" that had been implemented in China for long has run counter to actual urban growth logics.However,in the past several years,context of urbanization has changed in the country.This is reflected in the movement pattern of migrants.Uni-directional migration has given to mutual flows between the urban and rural areas and this has profound influence on economic development in rural China.Returning migrants usually have accumulated substantial human capital during out-migration period,which can affect spatial distribution of jobs back home.In addition,returning migrants provide an excellent opportunity for small town development.This study,using recent data of a peasant -household-survey in Yunfu city,Guangdong Province,analyzes the size,human capital features and reasons of return of returning migrants.and explores the effect of returning migrants on small town development from three aspects:population growth,service industry and welfare provision.At last,we put forward corresponding suggestions.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目:政治经济学视角下的珠江三角洲农村城市化转型研究(批准号:40871066);; 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地项目:港澳珠三角经济一体化过程中的空间转换研究(批准号:08JJD820170)。
【CateGory Index】: F299.2;F249.2
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