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Exploration on New Types of Infrastructure and Data Infrastructure Planning in Smart Society

LIU Tingting;DAI Shenzhi;SONG Haiyu;  
Focusing on the impacts of cutting-edge technological innovations in smart society on service demand,social organizations,and urban-rural infrastructure supply and management frameworks,this paper analyzes and establishes a conceptual hierarchy system of infrastructure with smart society characteristics,and proposes data infrastructure as a new type of infrastructure.The paper explores the technical transformation of territory development planning and data infrastructure planning.Firstly,it analyzes new requirements and orientation of urban and rural infrastructure in smart societies.Based on the understanding of technological innovations,it projects four directions of transition of the infrastructure supply framework.Secondly,regarding data as the core of infrastructure supply,the paper examines new technologies,hardware and software facilities,and platforms within the conceptual framework of infrastructure,and presents the concept of data infrastructure and smart hierarchical system of infrastructure.Data infrastructure,which include data and the supporting facilities and which develops with socioeconomic and technological progress of the society,helps expand the the concept of urban and rural infrastructure.Thirdly,data infrastructure should be included in the planning research and planning system.This paper explores and put forwards the ideas and technical route of data infrastructure planning under the framework of territory development planning.
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