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《Industrial Economics Research》 2012-01
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Consideration of Environmental Constraints in China Provincial Total Factor Productivity Re-Estimated

Qu Xiaoe(Xi'an Jiaotong University Economy and Financial Institute,Xi'an 710061,China)  
Based on existing research do not take into account environmental pollution,or only a single pollutant as a proxy for the lack of estimates of total factor productivity,use comprehensive evaluation of environmental pollution synthesis of five major pollutants for environmental pollution index,based on SBM model,Rationality and benefits on processing the output of undesired output,estimates the provincial consider environmental constraints in China's total factor productivity of 1996—2009.The study found that consideration of environmental constraints in China province total factor productivity is low.Eight economic zones under environmental constraints TFP significantly different,Highest environment TFP is the southern coastal,Northwest ranked second,third place north coast,Followed by the eastern coast,the Yangtze River,northeast of comprehensive,Yellow River and the Southwest Economic Zone;Environment TFP in the regions showed an increasing trend year after year,That in recent years,China has adopted a policy of environmental control measures played a positive role on the transformation of economic development;Provincial perspective,Guangdong,Hainan,Qinghai has been in the forefront of the efficiency of the surface,the remaining provinces are away from the frontier.Regression results show that the proportion of tertiary industry,the proportion of medium-sized industrial enterprises,R D intensity,government environmental protection efforts and the ability to control the enterprise environment play a significant positive role in promoting to improve the environment TFP.Level of industrialization,the proportion of coal consumption disincentives increase of environment TFP.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“考虑环境效应的中国省际能源效率问题研究”(项目编号:11YJA790121);; 西安交通大学基本科研业务费“新兴前沿、学科综合交叉类科研项目”;; 中国省际环境质量综合评价与优化设计(项目编号:Sk2010045)
【CateGory Index】: F224;F205;F124
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