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《Acta Sericologica Sinica》 1988-02
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Studies on the chromosome engineering and its application in Bombyx mori,I. Induction of Androgenetic silkworm. Sci. Seric.,

Xu Anying  
Induction of androgenetic eggs was carried out by using female silkmoth(its pupa was radiated with certain dose r-rays)crossed with one or more normal male moth(es) which contained recessive genes,and treated .their deposit eggs with hot water. Moreover,we reared about 20,000 androgenetic silkworms and succeeded in getting successors from androgenetic silkworms. We, meantime,discovered that all developmental silkworms only expressed male but no female characters. So it was estimated that this was the results of that radiated egg-nuclei were no activation and sperms excited with high temperature fused each other. In addition, we investigated effects of different temperature treatments and different silkworm races on ratios of an-drogenesis and proved that fusion of sperms in the eggs and the development of androgenetic silkworms depend on the high temperature treatment of the deposit eggs radiated egg-nuclei.
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