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《ACTA SERICOLOGICA SINICA》 1998-01
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ESTIMATION OF GENE EFFECT PARAMETERS FOR THE AMOUNT OF LAID EGGS IN SILKWORM (Bombyx mori L.)

Zhang Ze;Lu Cheng;Li Fade;Xiang Zhonghuai(The key sericultural laboratory of Agricultural Ministry,Southwest Agricultural University, Chongqing, 400716, China )  
Two inbreeding lines 782 and Ekp,whose amount of laid eggs are quite different,were used as the parents to prepare the crosses of F1, F2 and their relevant reciprocal crosses,and backcrosses of F, with parents,B1 and B2. All the materials of eight generations, including parents P1 (782 )and P2 (Ekp), reciprocal hybrids F1, F' 1, F2, F' 2 and backcrosses B1 and B2 were raised in the same season so as to obtain the data of the number of total eggs and the number of good eggs. The genetic parameters of the amount of laid eggs was estimated by using multiple regression analysis of the generation means. The results are as follows: (1)A non-disomic inheritance model was developed to estimate the additive and dominant effects of autosome genes and additive effect of sex-linkage.The results of chi-square scaling tests indicated that non-disomic inheritance model was adequate for amount of laid eggs. (2)The results of genetic analysis indicated that additive effects of autosome genes played a leading role in genetic variations among generations for number of total eggs and number of good eggs. And sex-linked additive effects played an important role in genetic variations among generations. However,dominant effects of autosome had not significant effects on the two traits above.
【CateGory Index】: S883
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