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《Science of Sericulture》 2010-02
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The Breeding and Application of New Male Silkworm Varieties by Using Female Silkworm Parthenogenetic Clones

WANG Yong-Qiang1 ZHU Xin-Rong1 HE Ke-Rong1 YAO Yao-Tao2 CAO Jin-Ru1 ZHOU Jin-Qian3HUANG Yan-Feng3 LIU Xin-Ju2 HE Xiu-Ling1 MENG Zhi-Qi1(1Sericultural Research Institute,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hangzhou 310021,China;2Sericultural Research Institute,Huzhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Huzhou Zhejiang 313000,China;3Company of Silkworm Eggs,Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou 310020,China)  
Realizing the technology of rearing only male silkworm in rural area and rearing more female silkworm in eggs-producing station were very important to improve the yield and quality of cocoon silk,and to reduce the productive cost of male silkworm hybrid eggs.Using the method of incomplete diallel crossing,31 combinations of male silkworm were prepared by crossing the female silkworm parthenogenetic clones with high hatching rate and the balanced lethal male silkworm line.Two new male silkworm varieties named Female 35×Ping 28 and Female 29×Ping 28 have been selected out through 5 comparison tests in 3 years.The two new male silkworm varieties have been reared successfully in the main silkworm rearing areas of Zhejiang Province.Compared to the current male silkworm variety,cocoon yield per box of eggs of the new male silkworm varieties increased by 8.53%,length of none-broken filament was 45 m longer,and raw silk rate of fresh cocoon increased by 0.7 percentage point.The breeding of these new male silkworm varieties makes it expectable to further reduce the production cost of male silkworm hybrid eggs and to accelerate the industrialization process of specially rearing male silkworms.
【Fund】: 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(蚕桑);; 国家高技术研究发展计划“863”项目(No.2008AA10Z139)
【CateGory Index】: S882.2
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