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Study on plastic mulching cultivation on Brassica rapa in alpine area Ⅰ . Effects of plastic mulching cultivation on micro-environment of Brassica rapa in alpine area

L IU Qian- zhi,HU Zi- zhi (Gansu Agricultural University,Lanzhou 730 0 70 ,China)  
Through plastic mulching( 0 .0 0 6mm) cultivation in apline area during1 4 4days of growth period from May to September,the soil ≥ 0℃ accumulative temperature of soil within 0~ 2 5 cm was increased to 75 3 .5 ( average 5 .2℃ /d) ,0~ 3 0 cm soil humidity raise 3 . 5 6%,soil organic matter substance,total nitrogen,available nitrogen and total phosphorus increased by 0 .1 8%,0 .0 3 %,0 .0 4 %and 0 .0 0 7%respectively. Meanwhile the weed were inhibited effectively,all of which provided a better condition for turnip to grow up and gained higher yield.In addition,plastic mulching cultivation reduced the CO2 density,air humidity,air and leaves temperature and photosynthesis effective radiation.
【Fund】: 甘肃省科委“九五”重点项目
【CateGory Index】: S54.048
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