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《Pratacultural Science》 2008-08
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Evaluation on the ecological adaptability of barley germplasm from Europe and America in Gansu Province

He Qing-xiang1,HUANG Le-shan2(1.Gansu State Farms Academy of Agricultural Research,Wuwei 733006,China;2.Xinjiang Agricultural Professional Technology College,Changji 831100,China)  
Barley can be used as both forage crop and economic crop because of its strong adaptability to cold and drought climate,diseases,and saline-alkaline soils.524 varieties or lines were used as the materials,introduced from Europe and North America,to observe the growth period,seedling traits and resistance.The height of plant,length of spike,grain-per-spike,1000-grain weight and other characteristics were also measured.The result showed that these varieties performed better in agronomic properties,adaptability and resistance in general.Their high quality and yield,and low protein content were satisfactory for beer making.In which,varieties from North America showed the characteristics of higher height,fine and soft stem;varieties from Europe showed the properties of lower height,middle stem and strong lodging resistance;German varieties were easily infected by stripe disease.All of these varieties showed the strong tillering capability,big spike and high grain numbers and 1000-grain weight.Especially those varieties,including Harrington,B1202,Steffi and Riviera,were adaptable in Hexi Corridor and the valley area of Yellow River.
【Fund】: 引进国际先进农业科学技术“948”项目(2006-G9-4)
【CateGory Index】: S512.302.2
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