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《Pratacultural Science》 2011-08
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Introduction experiment of leguminous forages in the dry and hot valley of Yuanmou region

LONG Hui-ying1,ZHANG De1,ZHU Hong-ye2,JIN Jie1,SHI Liang-tao1,ZHANG Ming-zhong1(1.Institute of Tropical Eco-agricultural Sciences,Yunnan Academy of Agriculture Sciences,Yunnan Yuanmou 651300,China;2.Science and Technological Division,Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Yunnan Kunming 650231,China)  
An experiment was conducted to select the suibtable plant legume forages from 16 legume forages for the dry and hot valley in the Yuanmou region.This study showed that Centrosema pubescens,Flemingia macropylla,and Desmodium ovalifolium did not seed and the other 13 plant species grew well.Leucaena leucocephala showed the highest yield with a lange number of leaves and good palatability.The top yield was L.leucocephala K636,L.leucocephala,L.leucocephala cv.Reyan No.1 with 26 933.9 kg/ha,24 882.6 kg/ha,22 459.2 kg/ha,respectively.The sheep preference for these plants was 5.The Neotononis wightii cv.Tinarroo,Acacia farnesiana and Sesbania grandiflora came to the second due to higher yield and good palatability,and ratio of dry weight to fresh weight and stem/leaf ratio of N.wightii cv.Tinarroo was 0.27 and 0.73.The lowest yield forage was Desmodium ovalifolium with 920.8 kg/ha,and its DW/FW ratio was 1.96.This study suggested that D.ovalifolium was not suitable to be planted in Yuanmou region;and the pest control for Cratylia argentea should be taken during its blooming period to increase pod numbers.
【Fund】: 世行三期农民用水户协会项目(YNCXYMZ7001);; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BADB3B08);; “十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAC01A11)
【CateGory Index】: S54
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