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Ma Yushou Lang Baining (Grassland Institute, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Xining 810003)  
The investigation for the distribution and causes of Black Soil was carried out in 1995. It was estimated That 7 031 900 hm 2 “black soil” was distributed in Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The main causes responsible for “Black Soil” are unreasonable grazing system, long-term overgrazing and destroying by rodent. From the point of grassland system engineering, a series of measures should be taken in order to rehabilitate those deteriorated area. To improve the natural rangeland resource, establish sown grassland, adjust the structure of stocking animals and encourage the seasonal animal farming system are the keys to rehabilitate the “Black Soil” and increase the economic income for grazers through reducing the grazing pressure on the rangeland.
【CateGory Index】: S812.8
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