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《Acta Pratacultural Science》 2003-06
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Vegetation degradation and protection strategy in the "Three rivers fountainhead"area in the Qinghai province

WANG Shi-ping Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China)  
The Zhiduo County is so-called the "first county" of the "Three rivers fountainhead" area in Qinghai province. Looking at 32 years of climate data, investigation found trends of annual mean temperature increase and rainfall decrease since 1990. During this time, due to increase in population and numbers of livestock, utilizable grassland per sheep decreased from 2.3 hm~2/sheep in 1953 to 1.1 hm~2/sheep in 1994. Due to grazing pressure doubling, the average aboveground biomass was only 50% compared to 1953. About 33% of the total rangeland area is now degraded to varying degrees, and about 10 000 hm~2 of natural grassland has already become desertified or sandified, particularly along rivers, water sources, and villages. With examination of the places and occurrence times of vegetation degradation, the main reason seems to be overgrazing. Of course, there may be interaction between overgrazing and climate change. The trend of increasing aridity could result in decrease of alpine meadow area and increased alpine and desert rangeland area, which would result in grazing capacity decline. Therefore, the suggestion of immigration should be considered by local government with the construction of a national nature reserve in the region. However, the construction and management of this reserve should be open before the local people, and they should be encouraged to take part in the related activities. The conservation area should become multifunctional in combining conservation, development, research, and education including training, so that both ecological and economic benefits are obtained.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重点方向项目(KSCX2-SW-107)资助。
【CateGory Index】: S812.6
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