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《Acta Pratacultural Science》 2005-04
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Study on the response of Triticum aestivum to nitrogen application after a four year Medicago sativa phase and soil nitrogen dynamics

ZOU Ya-li~1, MA Xiao-guo~2,SHEN Yu-ying~1, NAN Zhi-biao~1, GAO Chong-yue~1, CHEN Wen~(1,3),LUO Cai-yun~1, DUAN Ting-yu~1, LU Ni~1(1.College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Key Laboratory. of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem,Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020, China;2.Qingyang Bureau of Animal Husbandry,Xifeng 734000,China;3.School of Agriculture & Wine,University of Adelaide, SA 5371, Australia)  
A field trial was carried out to assess the response of three successive Triticum aestivum crops to nitrogen application that were grown after four years of Medicago sativa at the Qingyang Loess Plateau, Gansu province, from 2001 to 2004. Nitrogen application was shown to increase the T.aestivum yield for three harvests, with a significant N effect on grain yield for the third T.aestivum crop (P0.05). Nitrogen use efficiency was highest for the second T.aestivum crop at 47.22%. Soil nitrate-N deficiency was found to occur when N was not applied. Nitrogen application accelerated the N uptake by the crop. After N application, soil nitrate-N accumulated in the 0-60 cm soil layer for the second crop, and in the 60-200 cm layer for the third crop. This suggests there was nitrate-N leaching through the soil profile during the wet year. Based on the results it is recommended that N fertilizer should have been applied for the second T.aestivum crop following the M.sativa phase.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G2000018602);; 澳大利亚国际农业研究中心项目(LWR21999/094)资助。
【CateGory Index】: S512.11
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