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《Acta Pratacultural Science》 2005-05
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The effect of Glycine max sowing density on seeds yield and plant morphology

HE Shi-wei,CHANG Sheng-hua,WU De-li,ZHU Xiang-qing(College of Pastral Agricutural Science and Technology,Lanzhou University;Grassland Ecological Research Institute,Lanzhou 730020,China)  
This experiment examined the effect of the sowing density of G.max on seeds yield and plant morphology.Results indicated that there was a significantly negative relationship between plant density(plants/m~2) and plant branching(r=-0.963 8,P0.01),pods number(r=-0.970 6,P0.01),and seeds weight((r=-0.966 34,P0.01));as well as a significantly negative relationship between pods number and seeds weight(r=-0.967 6,P0.01),pods per plant(r=-0.963 5,P0.01),and pods weight(r=-0.946 2,P0.01).A significantly positive relationship was found between both sowing density and stems number((r=0.985 3,P0.01)) sowing density and pods number(r=0.971 7,P0.01),with a significantly positive relationship also found to exist between stems number and pods number(r=0.973 7,P0.01).The largest seeds yield recorded was 427.3 kg/m~2,achieved at a sowing density of 10 plants/m~2.Other plant attributes recorded at this sowing density include:branching of 7.64,pods number 84.46,and pods weight 0.689,with the seeds weight per pod ratio was 68.8%.The relationship between seeds yield and sowing density was best described by the parabola regression equation:W(g/m~2)=404.270 0-0.301 7 h+4.706 1 h~2-1.965 1 h~3(r=(0.850 3),P0.05)
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究规划项目(G2000018602);; 国家自然科学基金西部重大研究计划项目(90102011);; 农业部农牧交错带生态农业建设研究与示范项目资助
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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