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《Acta Prataculturae Sinica》 2006-03
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Genetic differentiation and systematic relationships of Agrostis based on multi-molecular marker evidence

ZHANG Dao-yuan~1,TAKAMIZO Tadashi~2(1.Xinjiang Ecology and Geography Research Institute,the Chinese Academy of Science,Urumqi 830011,China;2.Department of Forage Crop Breeding,National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science,Nishinasuno Tochigi 3292793,Japan)ACTA PRATACULTURAE SINICA(Vol.15,No.3)6/2006  
Agrostis is a problematic genus because of difficulties in morphological characterization.These are largely subjected to environmental influences and have resulted in many synonymous species and uncertainties in phylogenetic relationships.Furthermore,Agrostis are normally outcrossing species and exhibit many ploidy levels,resulting in many interspecific hybrids.To study the genetic diversity and relationships between Agrostis,fifty-eight plants representing 7 Agrostis species,including A.stolonifera,A.alba,and A.gigantea,were investigated using multi-molecular markers.Nine RAPD primers,two SSR primers,five ISSR primers and one SCAR marker were selected and optimal PCR programs were performed.Both maximum parsimony analysis with heuristic search and Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean(UPGMA) dendrograms clearly distinguished three lineages.One,consisted of four native Agrostis species of Japan,a second included two species(A.stolonifera and A.alba),and the third consisted only of A.gigantea.A.stolonifera and A.alba which formed a monophyletic group and was supported by a 100% strong bootstrap value.A.alba presented several unique A.stolonifera species-special bands so we support the opinion that A.alba is a variety of A.stolonifera.Possible genetic dissimilarities between A.stolonifera and A.gigantea are also discussed.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-343);; 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所“绿洲学者计划”项目资助
【CateGory Index】: S688.4
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