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《Acta Prataculturae Sinica》 2007-04
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A characteristic of the growth and solute accumulation in shoots of an alkali-tolerant Kochia sieversiana under salt-alkaline mixed stress

MA Ying,QU Bing-bing,GUO Li-quan,SHI De-cheng,WANG De-li(Life Science College,Northeast Normal University,Key Laboratory of Vegetation Ecology,Ministry of Education,Changchun 130024,China)  
The seedlings of an alkali-tolerant Kochia sieversiana were stress treated under 25 salt-alkaline mixtures which were established by mixing two neutral salts(NaCl and Na2SO4) and two alkali salts(NaHCO3 and Na2CO3) in various proportions.Nine physiological indices including contents of various solutes in shoots and relative growth rate(RGR) were determined.Components of organic acids were analyzed,to explore the traits of growth and solute accumulation by K.sieversiana under mixed salt-alkaline stresses. Growth of K.sieversiana seedlings was stimulated at moderate neutral salt stress(80 mmol/L),and above this point,the RGR decreased gradually with increasing salinity or alkalinity.In the experimental conditions,the highest stress intensity that K.sieversiana could was 400 mmol/L of salinity and pH value 10.70,which proved that K.sieversiana was a halophyte species with high alkali-tolerance.The various solute accumulations in the shoots of K.sieversiana showed a larruping trait under various salt-alkaline mixed stresses.The inorganic ions Na+ and K+ as dominant components largely accumulated.The contents of Na+ and K+ both increased with increasing salinity,and the values of K+/Na+ were basically steady(approximate 0.49).It indicated that there was no competition between K+ and Na+ for absorption.Salinity was the dominant effect factor for Na+ and K+ contents and the effects of alkalinity were less.In organic solutes,betaine and organic acid were accumulated.The content of betaine increased with increasing salinity or alkalinity,with its highest value up to 6% of dry weight.The effect of salinity on the content of betaine was greater than that of alkalinity.In the accumulated organic acid,the proportion of oxalic acid was upwards of 90%.The content of organic acid not only increased with increasing salinity not only,but was also significantly promoted by alkalinity.Significant accumulation of proline occurred only under intense mixed salt-alkaline stress such as salinity over 240 mmol/L or pH value over 9.80,and its quantity was only about 1/74 of betaine.It indicated that the proline accumulation in the shoots of K.sieversiana might be not a simplex physiological response to osmotic stress.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30671491 30571318)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q945.7
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