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《Acta Prataculturae Sinica》 2008-04
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Change of species diversity on typical Stipa bungeana community restoration and succession in the Yunwu Mountain

JIA Xiao-ni,CHENG Ji-min,WAN Hui-e (Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,North-west Agriculture and Forestry University,Yangling 712100,China)  
The dynamic changes in community height,coverage,abundance,above ground biomass and plant diversity in Stipa bungeana typical steppe was investigated by a quadrat method.There were six treatments: Unexclosure(W),5-year old exclosure(5 a),10-year old exclosure(10 a),15-year old exclosure(15 a),20-year old exclosure(20 a),and 25-year old exclosure(25 a) plots.The 10 a plot had the highest community average height,abundance,and above ground biomass,but the community average increased with enclosure time and the 25 a plot had the highest community average coverage.Enclosure for 10 a gave the highest species diversity index in the third plots,while 15 a had the highest richness index and lowest evenness index.The highest evenness index was in the non-enclosure plot.Exclosure appears to maintain or conserve,rather than increase plant diversity in contrast to non-enclosure.In conclusion,exclosure can significantly improve grassland productivity for a time and this study has shown that the best exclosure for S.bungeana communities is 10-15 a,there would be no benefit for grassland productivity if the exclosure lasted too long.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划973项目(2007CB106803);; 国家科技支撑课题(2006BAD09B08);; 国家林业局荒漠化监测专项资助
【CateGory Index】: S812
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