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《Acta Prataculturae Sinica》 2011-05
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Analysis of cooperation effect of water and fertilizer on wheat and pea in dryland based on APSIM model

LI Guang1,2,HUANG Gao-bao3,WANG Qi4,5,LUO Zhu-zhu6(1.Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Aridland Crop Science,Gansu Agricultural University,Lanzhou 730070,China;2.College of Information Science and Technology,Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070,China;3.College of Agronomy,Gansu Agricultural University,Lanzhou 730070,China;4.College of Grassland Science,Gansu Agricultural University,Lanzhou 730070,China;5.Cryosphere Research Station on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China;6.College of Resource and Environment Science,Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070,China)  
In order to explore the influence mechanism and regulation of the cooperation effect of water and fertilizer on yields of crops,APSIM(agricultural production system simulator) model and multiple regressions were used to explore the cooperation effect of water and fertilizer on yields of rotation system with wheat(Triticum aestivum) and pea(Pisum sativum) in loess hilly region of China.The parameters of APSIM model were firstly modified and then verified according to the data collected from field experiment.APSIM model was used to simulate yields of rotation system with wheat and pea within 30 years.The results showed that APSIM model can be used to simulate yields of rotation system with wheat and pea.The order of effect on yields of rotation system with wheat and pea is precipitation of growing stage(denote X2)precipitation of fallow period(denote X3)nitrogen fertilizer application(denote X1).There was a diminishing return of nitrogen fertilizer application on yield of wheat.The optimum nitrogen rate was 65.0 kg/ha and 17.9 kg/ha,respectively.The order of cooperation effect on rotation system with wheat and pea is X2X3X1X3X1X2.Cooperation effect of precipitation of growth stage and precipitation of fallow period was higher than others cooperation effect.Precipitation has a higher effect on crops yields than fertilizer application.At same time,cooperation of precipitation and fertilizer had a high effect on crops yields.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(31060178);; 甘肃省自然科学基金项目(096RJZA010 1010RJZA185)资助
【CateGory Index】: S512.1;S643.3
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