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Li Chenren, Zhang Jingrong, Zheng Huiqin and Pang Shiquan  
1. Our experiment results showed that there was a definite relationship between water supply and soybean yield. In the period from flowering to pod filling, if water content dropped to below 70%, soybean yield decreased distinctly. It was also shown that treated with the same water content (either 80% or 60%) the variety Dongnong 80-366 gave higher yield than other varieties. 2. The morphological and physiological responses of soybean to different water contents from flowering to pod-filling stage were variable. When water content was 80%, the yield was negatively correlated with the root/shoot ratio, but positively correlated with pod number. When soybean was treated with 60% water content, the yield showed a positive correlation with stem height, 100-seed weight, pod-number and proline content, but a negative correlation with the leaf-water potential,leaf electric exudate and the hair number of leaf-vein(base). 3. When soybean was treated with water content below 60% in flowering and pod-filling stage, the change in membrane permeability could be taken as the main indicator for drought resistance. In addition, the leaf-water potential, leaf-electric exudate, leaf-hair quantity, proline content and the stem height were also notably related with drought resistance. The reason why Dongnong 80-366 had given higher yield than other varieties was that it had several favorable properties for drought resistance.
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