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A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIFFERENT WATER CONTENT OF SOIL AND THE MORPHOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY AND YIELD OF SOYBEAN

Li Chenren, Zhang Jingrong, Zheng Huiqin and Pang Shiquan  
1. Our experiment results showed that there was a definite relationship between water supply and soybean yield. In the period from flowering to pod filling, if water content dropped to below 70%, soybean yield decreased distinctly. It was also shown that treated with the same water content (either 80% or 60%) the variety Dongnong 80-366 gave higher yield than other varieties. 2. The morphological and physiological responses of soybean to different water contents from flowering to pod-filling stage were variable. When water content was 80%, the yield was negatively correlated with the root/shoot ratio, but positively correlated with pod number. When soybean was treated with 60% water content, the yield showed a positive correlation with stem height, 100-seed weight, pod-number and proline content, but a negative correlation with the leaf-water potential,leaf electric exudate and the hair number of leaf-vein(base). 3. When soybean was treated with water content below 60% in flowering and pod-filling stage, the change in membrane permeability could be taken as the main indicator for drought resistance. In addition, the leaf-water potential, leaf-electric exudate, leaf-hair quantity, proline content and the stem height were also notably related with drought resistance. The reason why Dongnong 80-366 had given higher yield than other varieties was that it had several favorable properties for drought resistance.
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