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《Journal of Northeast Agricultural University》 2002-04
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Study on photoperiod-sensitive male sterility with D~2 type cytoplasm in wheat

YU Tian-feng, DIAO Yan-ling, CHEJing-yu, CH Yong-qin,LI Chang-hui, WANG yan, SHAO Li-gangWheat Research Instiute, Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Keshan Heilongjing 161606 PRCZHANG Ai-minGenetoc Institute of Chinese Scientific Academy Beijing 100094 PRC;E Li-zhuDepartment of Plant Genetics and Breeding, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100094 PRC  
Interaction of D2 type cytoplasm with nucleus of different varieties in common wheat can produce male sterility phenomena. Some of which show long photoperiod sensitive male stertility. The fertility performance of photoperiod sensitive male sterility wheat with D2 type cytoplasm Ae. crtassa- Norin 26. The nuclear-cytoplasm hybrids NC2134 ajid Keyinll and Keyin 12 were studied in the Keshan area of Heilongjiang Province. Using these lines as the cytoplasm donors and 20 spring wheat cultivars (lines)as nuclear donors,the crosses were made. A series of nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid materials were obtained. The main results are as follow; (1) The male sterility of Ae. crassa- Norin 26 is not complete under more than 15 hours long light at photoperiod-sensitive stage while as sowing time put off, the sterility is tend to complete. The proper sowing time for complete male sterility male sterility is April 22th in the Kanshan area. As in normal condition, the seed set and fertility of Norin26 expressednormally. (2) The fertility of the nuclear-cytoplasm hybrid NC2134 is highly completeunder more than 15 hours long light condition. This shows that perhaps NC2134 carrys the restoring gene to photoperiod-sensitive male sterility The nuclear-cytoplasm hybrids Keyin 11 and Keyin 12 showed high or complete sterility under normal sowing time condition.(3) Morphology observation of the sterile stamen showed that sterility expressed in the form of stamen pistillody. (4) A serials of nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrids in low generation were created by crossing of Ae. crassa- Norin 26 as cytoplasm donors and 20 common wheat varietiesas nucleus donors. In these materials, high sterility, half sertility and high or complete were obtained. The results indicates that defferent nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid expresses differentfertility under natural light in Keshan area. It is obviously that the high fertility materialscan be used directly as R-line and A-line can be get form high male sterility materials through continual backcrossing nuclear-replaement.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省自然科学基金赞助
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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