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《Journal of Northeast Forestry University》 2006-04
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Geographical Variance of Genetic Structure of Clonal Seed Orchard of Masson Pine

Wan Aihua, Xu Youming(Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, P. R. China); Guan Lanhua, Ouyang Shaoxiang, Wang Jianya(China-Japan Cooperation Science and Technology Center for Forest Tree Improvement Project)  
DNA of needling leaves of 123 superior trees from a clonal seed orchard of Masson pine located in Jingshan of Hubei Provenance was extracted and examined by RAPD technique. All samples were clustered in terms of four different factors such as latitude, longitude, spatial distance, and province. The parameters of gene flow (Nm), gene differentiation (Gst), genetic distance and genetic identity were calculated, and genetic structure and diversity of the seed orchard were analysed based on the results of different cluster analyses. Results showed that the cluster analysis with respect to different factors has a big influence on the analytical result. The gene flows (Nm) for the cluster analysis of the four factors were 2.8796, 5.2186, 2.4371 and 1.5282 in order and the gene differentiations (Gst) were 0.1479, 0.0874, 0.1702 and 0.2465, respectively. Similarly the average Nei’s genetic distances were 0.0607, 0.0280, 0.0595 and 0.1330. According to the cluster dendrogram, it was found that the correlation between genetic distance and latitude is more significant than that between genetic distance and geography distance. Usually the method of the superior tree collection in constructing seed orchard of trees by provinces can be accepted for its lower gene flow, larger gene differentiation and higher average Nei’s genetic distance. The genetic diversity of this clonal seed orchard is also at a high level in genetic structure.
【Fund】: 中日合作林木育种中心资助项目。
【CateGory Index】: S791.248
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