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《Journal of Northeast Forestry University》 2008-06
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Water Conservation Capability of Several Forest Stands in the Upper Reaches of Ashihe River

Han Chunhua,Zhao Yusen,Yang Jun,Kong Xiangfei,Xia Zhiguang(School of Forestry,Northeast Forestry University,Harbin 150040,P.R.China)  
An experiment was conducted to study the water conservation capabilities of Quercus mongolica natural forest,Pinus koraiensis plantation,Fraxinus mandshurica natural forest,and Larix sp.plantation at Yuchigou small watershed in the upper reaches of Ashihe River by field investigation and experimental analysis.Results show that the existing stock and the maximum water-holding capacity of the litter in P.koraiensis plantation are the highest among the four forest types.The maximum water-holding capacities of P.koraiensis plantation and Q.mongolica natural forest(2 416.3 and 2 262.2 t·hm-2)are larger than those of F.mandshurica natural forest and Larix sp.plantation.The comparative analysis of litter and soil water-holding capacity for the four forest stands reveals that P.koraiensis plantation and Q.mongolica natural forest are superior in water conservation capacities(2 500.94 and 2 325.43 t·hm-2 respectively),then followed by F.mandshurica natural forest,and the lowest is Larix sp.plantation.It is suggested that Q.mongolica natural forest and F.mandshurica natural forest should be maintained and improved based on the protection of the existing forest types.P.koraiensis plantation should be transformed by artificial fostering so as to accelerate its evolution to the original climax community,thereby,improve its water conservation functions.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省重大科技攻关项目(GA02B601)
【CateGory Index】: S715
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