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《Journal of Northeast Normal University (Natural Science Edition)》 2004-02
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The restoration of wetlands in Songnen Plain 150 years ago

WANG Hai-xia~1, WAN Zhong-juan~1, YU Shao-peng~(1,2),LUO Xin-zheng~3, SUN Guang-you~1 (1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS,Changchun 130012, China; 2. Department of Geography, Harbin University, Harbin 150086 China; 3. Department of Geographa,Yantai University, Yantai 264635, China)  
The ecological environment of Songnen Plain kept the original state basically 150 years ago. But the environment and wetlands had been destroyed by the high-intensity development in more than 100 years. In the paper, based on the compositive utilization of methods including field survey, correlative modeling of natural factors, analyses of remote sensing, drawing by GIS and literatures researching, the wetlands landscape of Songnen Plain 150 years ago was restored.The results of restoration show that the wetlands in Songnen Plain distributed widely, which the total area was 76 350 km~2 that occupied 37.80%of Songnen Plain.The main types of wetlands were swamps, lakes and rivers.And the characteristics of wetlands landscape macrostructure were a) the widely regional distribution of wetlands; b) the circling grading sequence of wetlands distribution; c) the differences between wetlands types in east and west; d) the central convergence network of wetlands; e) the substrate function of swamp; and f) the abundant diversity of wetlands ecosystems. The restoration of original wetlands landscape in Songnen Plain 150 years ago can provide the important theoretic foundation for the restoration and reconstruction of wetlands and other degenerated ecosystems, and it has important practical significances in realizing regional sustainable development.
【Fund】: 中国科学院重大湿地创新工程资助项目(KZCX2).
【CateGory Index】: P901
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