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《Journal of Northeast Normal University(Natural Science Edition)》 2017-02
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Effects of salt and alkali stresses on growth and ions accumulation in shoot of medicinal plant Kochia sieversiana

MA Ying;GUO Li-quan;ZHANG Shu-fang;TIAN Xiao-hai;SUN Ji-feng;LU Jing-mei;Department of Basic Medicine,Changchun Medical College;State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration,School of Environment,Northeast Normal University;School of Life Sciences,Northeast Normal University;  
In this study,seedlings of Kochia sieversiana(Pall.)C.A.Mey were exposed to the dynamic treatment:salt stress and alkali stress.The dynamic characteristics of K.sieversiana growth and ions accumulation were investigated by determining and analyzing the growth index,the concentrations of ions and so on.The results showed that the growth indexes,such as water content,dry weight,fresh weight and so on,in K.sieversiana,were affected to various degrees with increasing stress time under salt and alkali stresses,and alkali stress was greater than salt stress.Clearly,both salt and alkali stresses inhibited the growth of K.sieversiana,and the inhibition of alkali stress was more serious than salt stress.K.sieversianais not a kind of succulence plant,whereas it could still keep high water content under long-time osmotic stress and high pH condition,which may endow it with high salinealkali tolerance as a primary physiological characteristic.There is no antagonism competition between absorption of K~+and Na~+in K.sieversiana with increasing stress time under salt and alkali stresses,and it could still low value of b_(Na~+)/b_(K~+)under 144 halkali stress.This kind of special absorption mechanism of K~+and Na~+may have great significance in saline-alkali tolerance of K.sieversiana.Moreover,the value of b_(Na~+)/b_(K~+)is lower under alkali stress than salt stress,which may be one of the important reasons for adaption to saline-alkaline habitat contained high pH in K.sieversiana.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41271231);; 东北师范大学教育部重点实验室开放课题(130028691);; 吉林省科技发展计划项目(20140204023NY);; 吉林省教育厅“十三五”科学技术项目(JJKH20171071KJ)
【CateGory Index】: S567.219
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 5 Hits
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1 WANG Xiao-shan;REN Hai-long;WEI Zen-wu;WANG Yun-wen;REN Wei-bo;Department of Grassland Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University;Department of Grassland Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University;Institute of Grassland Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;;Effects of neutral salt and alkali on ion distributions in the roots, shoots, and leaves of two alfalfa cultivars with differing degrees of salt tolerance[J];Journal of Integrative Agriculture;2017-08
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