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《Northeast Asia Forum》 2007-04
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A Comparative Analysis of Moving System Environment of Rural Surplus Labor Between China And Japan

SUN Hui-zong(Center of Northeast Asia studies,Jilin University,Changchun Jilin 130012,China)  
Nowadays,China is in the hardest period of the Three Rural Problems(Problems about Agriculture,Rural areas and Peasantry).In 2007,the problems are still regarded as the urgent task.The key method is to propel the rural surplus labors move to the un-rural industries.However,traditional system structure was a barrier to the movement.Three Rural Problems should be studied under a macro system environment.Compared with other developed countries in the world,the transferring of Japan's rural surplus labors is swift.Therefore,it is necessary to analysis the reason in comparative ways.This paper studies 3 aspects: land,household,and education system.The conclusion proves that establishing ownership system of the land,abolishing the barrier of household system,realizing the equality of education between city and rural area are the ways to solve the Three Rural Problems.
【CateGory Index】: F323.6;F331.3
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