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《China Distance Education》 2004-09
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Transitioning to e-Learning: Pedagogical and Support Considerations

Michael W. Churton  
Historically, open and distance learning has meant providing access to instructional content in which learners and their instructor(s) are assisted to overcome the communication barriers of location, time, and most recently pace (Churton, 2000). At its most basic level, distance education occurs when an instructor and student(s) are separated by physical distance. Due to development in education and the emergence of technological diversity and instructional design, the element of communicating in real time is now a reality. Tam (1998) suggested that distance learning has transcended various chronological landmarks and transformations in nomenclature, format, style, delivery applications, and numbers served. This rapid and diverse expansion of open and distance learning has led some to question the qualitative implications of such programs and have called for standards or benchmarks to demonstrate programmatic quality and integrity (Churton, 2001). As the global marketplace promotes the acceleration of open and distance educational opportunities, international linkages, overseas campuses, collaborative partnerships with multiple universities and other transnational relations, instructional quality and integrity remain keys to effectiveness and sustainability. For reasons of infrastructure, cultural diversity, educational regulations, languages and real costs, the challenges in providing a quality and comprehensive education can be quite difficult. As developed and transitioning countries consider the development and/or expansion of open and distance learning, quality control and the necessary support systems to ensure programmatic integrity are essential. It is the responsibility of policy-makers to identify and apply appropriate curricula design, development, support and evaluation measures to ensure that their distance learners and their distance learning instructors experience an effective transition to a distance learning environment. Distant learners should have the same level of academic integrity as students who attend campus based programs. Hastily conceived and designed distance learning programs will create not only student and instructor discontent but political concernsas well (Churton, 2000c). The premise of this paper suggests benchmarks in curricula design, development, support, and transition to ensure that open and distance learning programs yield effective student outcomes.
【CateGory Index】: G424.4
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【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 TIAN Hong-mei (Anhui Radio&TV University,Hefei 230022,China);Research and Thinking on Teaching Affairs Service System of Modern Distance Education[J];Journal of Anhui Radio & TV University;2007-02
2 CHEN Yang1,HU Xiao-zhong1,WANG Qian-song1,Tian Li2(1.Center of Education Technology,Anhui University of Technology & Science,Wuhu 241000,China;2.Dept.Electrical Engineering,Anhui University of Technology & Science,Wuhu 241000,China);Application of ASP in Design of Multimedia Teaching Website[J];Ordnance Industry Automation;2004-03
3 Yuan Yumin;Functions of Learner Support and Reestablishment of its Relations with Modern Distance Education[J];CHINA DISTANCE EDUCATION;2000-05
4 Ding Xin; Ren Weiming;Analysis on Modern Distance Education Pilot Programs[J];CHINA DISTANCE EDUCATION;2000-06
5 Du Qiongying;Study on the Design Mode of the Supporting Service System of Modern Distance and Open Education[J];CHINA DISTANCE EDUCATION;2000-09
6 Cheng Lihong, Chen Lan, Wu Qingquan;Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Study Support Service System[J];China Distance Education;2001-06
7 Cheng Baosheng;A Discussion on Current System of Learning Support Services and Its Im provement in Radio and TV Universities[J];China Distance Education;2001-12
8 Xu Hongcai and Feng Xiu qi;Research learning support system design and analysis of learning format[J];China Distance Education;2002-05
9 Jiang Guozhen and Zhang Weiyuan;Analysis on the present situation of distance education in higher edu cati on institutions of our country[J];China Distance Education;2002-05
10 Zhang Xuebo;An Exploration on Distance Education Based on Digital Library[J];China Distance Education;2002-08
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 LV Jing-jing;the Research of Using Modern Distance Technology to Assist Self-Taught Higher Education Examinations[J];Journal of Hubei Radio & Television University;2009-09
2 PENG Ying(Hunan Broadcasting and Television University, Changsha 410004,China);LEARNING SUPPORT SERVICES BASED ON PROBLEM-SOLVING IN RURAL DISTANCE EDUCATION[J];Journal of Yunmeng;2009-03
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