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《Soybean Science》 1983-02
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COMPARATIVE STUDIES OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHARACTERS OF WILD AND CULTIVATED SOYBEANS

Yang Wenjie Miao Yinong (Biology Depariment, Nertheastern Ne(?)ral Uniiersity)  
The net photosynthetic rates , the chlorophyll content , the leaf total N content of wild and cultivated soybeans at different growth stages, and the effect ot light intensity, light quality, temperature on the photosynthetic rates of wild and cultivated soybeans have been investigated. The photosynthetic characters of wild soybean have been compared with that of cultivated soybean. The results are summarized as follows.The net photosynthetic rate of wild soybean was lower than cultivated soybean. Photosynthetic light saturation point of wild soybean was about 40,000 Lux and cultivated soybean was about 60,000 Lux. The chlorophyll content of wild soybean and cultivated soybean at different growth stages was significantly different. Chlorophyll content was significantly positively correlated with the net photosynthetic rates during the seed-filling period. Chlorophyll content cf wild soybean per unit fresh weight was higher than that of cultivated soybean. Wild soybean contained a higher proportion of chlorophyll b in contrast to chlorophyll a. The chlorophyll content of wild soybean per unit leaf area was lower than cultivated soybean. The leaf total N content of wild soybean and cultivated soybean at different growth stages was significantly different. The 1 f total N content was significantly positively correlated with the net photesyathetic rates during the seed filling period. The net photosynthetic rates of wild soybean and cultivated soybean under white light was higher than under red, green and blue light. The photosynthetic rate of wild soybean under green and blue light was relatively higher than cultivated soybean. Optimum temperature for photosynthesis of both wild and cultivated soybeans was at 25℃ to 30℃. In comparison with cultivated soybean and wild soybean had some features of shade plants.
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