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《Soybean Science》 1983-03
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SOYBEAN ECOLOGY Ⅰ. EFFECT OF PHOTOPERIOD AND DAY/NIGHT TEMPERATURE ON DEVELOPMNT OF WILD SOYBEAN IN CHINA

Xu Bao Lu Qinhua(Soybean Research Institute, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences)  
59 wild and semi vild soybean collections samples from different latitudes (24°-42°N) were divided into four types: normal (W 1), bigger seeded (W 2), plain (P) andhigh altitude (H): (1) all were short-day plants, (2) their reaction to short-day photoperiod was negatively correlated with the latitude they originated,in general, W 1W 2C Culfivated'soybean) and W1P, W2PWlH, W2H, i. e. W1H somewhat liked the northern WlP. Eight wild soybeans (WlP) and eight cultivated soybeans of representative latitudes were used for testing the effect of day/night temperature in growth chamber. We found. (1) under the day/night temperature 30/20℃, 20/20℃, 30/10℃, 20/ 10℃, FD (days from emergence to flowering), FDI (ratio of FD)and MD (days from emergence to maturing) were all negatively correlated with the latitude the materials originated, (2) differenes of the reaction to the day temperature, night temperature, and day/night temperature were all correlated with the latitude the materials originated, i. e. the high-latitude materials, comparing with the low-latitude, were more sensitive to the day high temperature, less sensitive to thelow night tempecature and the bisser day/night temperature difference, (3) according to the day/hight temperature reaction of the wild soybean, 35°-40°N area was a critical region, (4) the wild soybeans were mare sensitive to the thermo-effece, as well as the photo-effece Depending upon theeffeets of wild soybeeom wip mainly divided the photo-thermo ecotyses into seven egions. in chine. According to the similarity and the difference of photoperiod and temperature response between wild and cultivated soybeans, we presented the possibility that the Yellow River Valley (35-40°N) was the mian area the cultivated soybean was originated.
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