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《Soybean Science》 1984-03
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HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY PERFORMED IN F_1 AND F_3 HYBRIDS BETWEEN SOYBEAN CULTIVARS FROM THE PRC AND US

Gai Junyi (Soybean Research Laboratory, Nanjing Agricultural College)  
The analyses of heterosis and combining ability performed in F1 and F3 hybrids between soybean cultivars from the PRC (1138-2 and 493-1) and those from the U.S. (Wayne, SRF 400, Clark 63, and Williams) were conducted in Yangzhou, Jiangsu.F1 yield heterosis based on pods/plant and seeds/plant heterosis, based on, in turn, vegetative growth heterosis, in turn again, on nodes/stem heterosis was significant. Inbreeding depression in yield was obvious, while that of pods/ plant and seeds/plant not too large.The expected gca mean squares of the most characters in F1 and F3 were dominant, while there were few expected sca mean squaees sigeifiemt. The gca MS%S of single plant yield, pods/plant,and seeds/plant were higher than these reported in the Iiteratare. The results of combining ability varied from materials to materials.Cultivars from the US seem to be of significance in the utilization of heterosis and in the improvement of soybeans in the lower Yangtze valley.
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