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《Soybean Science》 1985-04
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YIELD AND PLASMALEMMA PERMEABILITY OF SOME SOYBEAN VARIETIES IN RESPONSE TO SOIL-WATER STRESS

Song Yingshu, Yin Tianfu, Xue Jin, Liu Lijun, Wang Yizhi(Soybean Research Institute of Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences)  
The results from experiments suggested that the basal yield of varieties were different but growth and development of soybean wore significantly affected by drought stress. For example, number of bar -ren pods and seeds greately increased and decreased, respectively, by drought stress of PS stage, and weight of 100 seed, reduced by drought stress of seed filling stage.The yields of soybean greatly decreased as results of reduced seeds and weight of 100-seed. Extents of the yield reduction, however, were different in accordance with varietal drought resistance. For example, drought resistmt variety, "Hu 80-1001", reduced yield in range of 10%; semi-resistint variety, "Heinong 26", was in the range of 17.9%; and the sensitive variety, "Suinong 4" was in the ranga of 39.2% than their checks, respectively.The basal membrane permeabilities differed in varieties. Generally speaking, they, however, tended to increase as growing period went on until the stage of seed filling under the condition of well-watered. Their relative changes were differed in varieties and growing st ges under the condition of drought stress. And the rates of plasmalemma imjury by drought stress were the greatest at PS stage (stage of pod setting and seed filling), and their extents of yield reduction were also the greatest. Those indicated that both plasmalemma permeability and the extent of yield reduction had a bearing on varietal drought resistance.
【Fund】: 中国科学院科学基金
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