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《Soybean Science》 1989-03
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BREEDING OF SOYBEAN NEW GERMPLASM RESOURCES RESISTANT TO SOYBEAN CYST NEMATODE(HETERODERA GLYCINES ICHINOHE)

Wu Heli Yao Zhenchun Li Xiulan Ma Shujun Luo Jiaofen (Soybean Research Institute,Heilongiiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences)Liu Hanqi Shang Shaogang Huo Hong (Plant Protecticn Institute, Heilongiiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences)  
19 resistant resources of small black soybean were screened from 1441 soybean germplasms from 1976 to 1984. Some characters of resistant resources of small black soybean, such as black seed coat, small seed, late maturity and so on were quite different from those of soybean cultivars, so it is very difficult to develop varieties of disease resistance with the resistant resources of small black soybean directly. Therefore, firstly new resistant resources should be developed, namely, the gene of disease resistance in small black soybean should be transferred to soybean with yellow seed coat, then the new source of resistance was used for developing varieties of disease resistance. We began to cross in 1978, two combinations were as follows: Harbin Xiao-hedou ×Heinong 10, Harbin Xiaohedou × Fengshou 10. We screened disease-resistant plants from F2 plants under pot culture in the soil infected by soybean cyst nematodes; disease resistanoe of F3, F4 plants were identified; disease-resistant strains were selected; single plant of yellow seed coat were selected from F5 F6 stable strains of disease resistance in field according to development in field and seed characters, 15 disease-resistant strains were selected in 1984.According to development in infected areas, 3 new resources of resistance: 84-783 84-793, 84-819 were selected in 1985. The advantages of new sources of resistance compared with resource of resistance of small black soybean are as follows: degreed of resistance to SCN as high as Harbin Xiaohedou yellow seed coat, short growing period, large seed and so on. New sources of resistance has already been applied in the breeding of disease resistance, so far, some F3, F4 plants and strains with resistant and good agronomic characters had segregated out.
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【References】
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【Citations】
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【Co-citations】
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9 Liu Hanqi Shang Shaogang Huo hong(Plant Protection Research Institute, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences)Wu Heli Yao Zhenchun Li Xiulan(Soybean Research Institute, Heilonjiang Academy Of Agricultural Sciences};PRESENT STATUS OF OCCURRENCE, INJURY AND RESEARCH OF SOYBEAN CYST NEMATODE IN HEIIONGJIANG PROVINCE[J];Soybean Science;1987-02
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【Co-references】
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