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《Soybean Science》 1990-02
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Sun Zhiqiang Tian Peizhan Wang Jian (Soybean Institute, Mm Academy of Agricultural Sciences)  
The coefficients of parentage among 168 soybean cultivars of hybrid origin and their ancestral parents were studied with a pedigree analysis method. The relative genetic contributions were estimated for every ancestral parents to each of the three soybean gene pools of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces. The results showed that the genetic base of soybean cultivars developed in the Northeast was relatively naRrow. About 57.7% genetic materials of the soybean cul-tivars developed with hybridization came from Mancangjin, Zihua No.4, Fengdihuang, Yuan-baojin, Jingshanpu, Tiejiasilihuang, Keshansilihuang, Jinyuan No.1, Shishengcangye, and Huangbaozhu. Because Mancangjin, Yuanbaojin, and Jingshanpu were all cultivars derived from the same cross of Jinyuan X Huangbaozhu, the two ancestral cultivars contributed about 28.7 % genetic materials to the genetic base of the soybean cultivars developed in the Northeast. Among the three provinces studied, the genetic base of soybean cultivarsof hybrid origin in Heilongjiang was the narrowest one, and the genetic base of soybean cultivars in Liaoning was only second to that of Heilongjiang. In order to maintain a steady breeding progress and to increase the diversities of soybean genetic base, it is necessary to strengthen the studies of exploiting germplasms in the home and abroad, extending the range of germplasm utilization.
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