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《Soybean Science》 1990-02
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A STUDY ON ECOLOGICAL PROPERTY OF PROTEIN CONTENT AND OIL CONTENT IN SOYBEAN

Song Qijian Gai Junyi Ma Yuhua (Soybean Research Institute, Nanjing Agricultural University)  
Fourty-two typically endemic soybean varieties from different eco-regions, representing various eco-types in China were studied in Nanjing. In order to simulate growth condition of the variety in the native region, the experiment was designed with three planting types i. e. spring, summer and autumn, two planting dates for each one. The object of the study was to reveal the genetic variability, the relation with planting types as well as the variety stability of protein content, oil content and protein and oil content.The results indicated that the representative varieties showed great potentiality in quality breeding. This potentiality was varied with planting types. The spring type was the most useful for this purpese and the autumn type could also provide as high protein germplasm. Generally, protein content, oil content and protein and oil content decreased along with the deferment of sowing date, but the reduced amount was different for various planting types. Althougn he variety × environmen interaction existed, all three traits were heritable.Some discussions were also made on the application of the above results to soybean quality breeding.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
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