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《Soybean Science》 2003-02
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STUDY ON THE RESPONSE OF SOYBEAN VARIETIES TO P DEFICIENCY

Xu Qinping Luo Chaoyun Liao Hong Yan Xiaolong Nian Hai (Laboratory of Plant Nutritional Genetics, Root Biology Center, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642)  
Field experiments were carried out to investigate the adaptability of 8 soybean varieties from different origins to low-P acid red soils in South China and the mechanism of P efficiency. The results showed that there were significant varietal differences in plant biomass, yield, P efficiency and P acquisition efficiency among the 8 tested soybean varieties. Based on P acquisition efficiency (defined as P content), variety BX10 was higy efficient but nonresponsive,BD2, GD1 and GD3 were inefficient but responsive, while the performances of other varieties, BX11, BD1, GD2 and GD4, were unstable. Furthermore, the overall P efficiency (defined as biomass) of the tested soybean varieties showed the same pattern as P acquisition efficiency. On the other hand, there was no significant varietal difference in P utilization efficiency. This indicates that the overall P efficiency is mainly attributed to P acquisition efficiency in the present field study. Meanwhile, since the P-efficient varieties did not have longer root length and larger root surface area, P acquisition efficiency of the 8 tested soybean varieties may be dominated by other root traits, such as root architecture and root exudates under the present experimental conditions.
【Fund】: 美国麦氏基金会 (McKnight Foundation);; 广东省科技计划项目 (B5 0 4)资助。
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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