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《Soybean Science》 2004-04
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STUDIES ON THE SEED RIGIDITY AND STRUCTURE OF VEGETABLE SOYBEAN AND SOYBEAN

Lu Xiaoming Fan Xiufeng Wu Tianlong (Shanhai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 201101)  
Seven vegetable soybean and seven soybean cultivars were sampled to measure their rigidity with texture analyzer after blanching in boiling water for Omin, 3min, 6min, 9min and 12min respectively. Seeds that have close sizes were made cryosectiosn of cotyledons and skins. Microscope and micromeasur-ing ruler were then used to observe and to measure cell densities and plies of different parts of the seed. Statistics indicated; vegetable soybean and soybean cultivars have close ply of seed palisade tissue, whereas the cell density of skin palisade tissue of vegetable soybean (33. 13/mm2) is higher than that of soybean cultivars (29. 50/mm2). Funnel tissue ply in vegetable soybean (99. 64μm) is higher than that in soybean cultivars (57. 94/μm). Soybean cultivers higher cell density in cotyledon than that of vegetable soybean. Seed rigidity of vegetable soybean (549. 3gf) is distinct lower than that of soybean cultivars (608. 4gf). When be blanched, the rule of rigidity decrease rates is different between two types of soybeans: the rate in 3 - 6min of vegetable - type is higher than other times, but in soybean cultivars, it's the lowest. This maybe indicate their difference in seed structure.
【Fund】: 上海市科技兴农重点攻关项目 农科攻字(1999)第1-5号
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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