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《Soybean Science》 2005-04
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EXSERTED STIGMA OF TWIN STYLUS AND IT'S GENETIC BASIS OF HETEROGENEITY IN SOYBEAN

Liang Huizhen Li Weidong(Cotton & Oil Crops Research Institute,Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Zhengzhou 450002,China)  
Here we report a soybean semi-sterile line(HNL002).HNL002 possesses five mutations,which are exsered stigma,twin stylus,anther degeneration,male-sterile and long distance between anther and stigma entirely.Through cytological observation,this semi-sterile line gets together shorter filament,and longer stigma,longer stylus and longer carpophore.The flowers present a opening pore on the top of twin stylus,while stigma exserting.Anther is few,and anther dehiscence is difficult.Anther surrounding ovary is obviously lower than stigma,when blooming.Self-pollination is difficult,therefore the mutation has some of stertile.Stertile is controled by nucleus recessive gene,the ratio of fertile to exsered stigma sterile would be 3: 1.High temperature could make filament twist,which increased the distance between stigma and anther.Those maybe result in lower podding rate.The degree of stylus exsertion is along with carpophore length increasing.The genotype of exsered stigma represents long stigma,long stylus and long chondrio evidently.That finding will directly provide breeding resource for application of "three-line hybrid" and "two-line hybrid" in soybean,which will make hybrid soybean come in market cosmically.
【Fund】: 河南省自然科学基金项目 编号为:0511030500
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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