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《Soybean Science》 2006-01
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LIGHT ENRICHMENT AND ITS INTERACTIONS WITH SOURCE-SINK ALTERATION ON YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS IN SOYBEAN

Liu Xiaobing~1 S.J.Herbert~2 Jin Jian~1 Zhang Qiuying~1 Li Yanhua~1 Wang Guanghua~1(1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology,CAS,Harbin,150040;2.Dept.ofPlant and Soil Sciences,University of Massachusetts,Amherst,01003,USA)  
Light intensity during the reproductive period is the key environmental factor determining soybean yield.Responses of yield and yield components to light enrichment under varied population treated with different light enriched stages and source-sink alterations were investigated in the US and China.The yield increase effects differed among the light enriched stages.Early flowering and pod set stages were the critical stages to increase yield by light enrichment.The increased yield by light enrichment at flowering was mainly due to the increase in pod number,while at pod set stage it was mainly due to the increase in seed size.No significant yield increase was found at seed fill stage by light enrichment for cultivars differing in seed size or grown at different populations.This indicates that the regulation of light enrichment initiated at seed fill on yield and seed size is rather limited.Source/sink played different roles in yield formation under various light regimes.Under natural light conditions,source played a very important role because leaf removal reduced greater yield compared with that of pod removal.Sink also became an important yield-limiting factor while light enriched conditions were applied.It is proposed that light regimes have a significant regulatory function in source-sink relationship.
【Fund】: 美国农业部(USDA)的教育项目;; 麻省大学项目;; 中科院东北地理与农业生态所合作项目的部分内容
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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